Get To Know About The Brooks King Snake

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The Brooks King Snake (Lampropeltis getula brooksi) is a species of non-venomous snake found in the western United States, from eastern California to western Arizona and south into Mexico. Brooks King Snakes are most often encountered on dry, rocky slopes and in sandy areas near canyons.

Brooks King Snake Lifespan

The lifespan of a Brooks King Snake can vary depending on a variety of factors, including the snake’s environment, diet, and general health. In general, Brooks Snakes can live for up to 20 years in captivity when provided with proper care. However, some individuals have been known to live for much longer, with some reaching ages of 30 years or more.


Brooks King Snake

The Brooks King Snake is a medium-sized, slender constrictor with smooth scales and a glossy appearance. It can grow up to 4 feet in length, although specimens around 2 feet are more common. Brooks King Snakes have varying patterns of black, brown, yellow, and white bands that generally form circles along their bodies. Their heads typically have a black “crown” shape and bright yellow eyes.


Brooks King Snakes are generally docile and easy to handle, making them a popular choice as pets. They are also known for their intelligence and curious nature, and they may explore their surroundings by climbing and hiding in different areas of their enclosure.

In the wild, Brooks Snakes are primarily diurnal, which means that they are active during the day and sleep at night. They are also good climbers and may be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts.

Brooks King Snakes are non-venomous and typically prefer to avoid confrontation, but if threatened, they may hiss, strike, or emit a musky odor as a defensive mechanism. They are also known to be proficient hunters and will readily eat small rodents and other prey.


Brooks King Snake

Brooks King Snakes can be found in a variety of habitats, from dry, rocky areas to grassy meadows and woodlands. They are often found near arroyos, washes, or gulches where there is access to food sources such as rodents and lizards. Brooks King Snakes also inhabit desert oases with cacti and palms.


The Brooks King Snake has a varied diet that consists of reptiles, rodents, and birds. They feed primarily on lizards, including other snakes, but they also eat mice, gophers, chipmunks, and quail eggs. Brooks Snakes are primarily nocturnal hunters and will pursue their prey over large distances.

Mating Season

Brooks King Snake

Mating season for Brooks King Snakes typically begins in April and runs through June. The female will lay an average of 6 to 12 eggs, which will hatch within 2 weeks.

Caring Guide

If you are considering keeping a Brooks King Snake as a pet, it is important to be prepared to provide it with proper care. Here are some tips to help you get started:

  1. Provide a suitable habitat: Brooks King Snakes need an enclosure that is large enough to allow them to move around freely and that provides a temperature gradient, with a warm basking area and a cooler hide. The enclosure should also have a substrate, such as cypress mulch or aspen shavings, and some hiding places, such as a hide box or PVC pipe.
  2. Offer a balanced diet: Brooks King Snakes should be fed a diet of small rodents, such as mice or rats, that are appropriately sized for their age and size. It is generally recommended to feed young snakes once a week and adults every 10-14 days.
  3. Keep the enclosure clean: It is important to regularly clean the enclosure to help prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria and to ensure that your snake has a healthy living environment. This includes removing uneaten food and waste products and cleaning the substrate.
  4. Handle your snake gently: Brooks King Snakes are generally docile and easy to handle, but it is important to handle them gently and to always support their body when picking them up.
  5. Monitor your snake’s health: Regularly check your snake for any signs of illness, such as weight loss, lethargy, or changes in appetite. If you notice any changes in your snake’s health, it is important to consult with a veterinarian as soon as possible.

By following these basic care guidelines, you can help ensure that your Brooks King Snake stays happy and healthy for many years to come.

Are Brooks King Snakes Venomous?

No, Brooks King Snakes are non-venomous. They use constriction to subdue their prey and can bite defensively if threatened or handled roughly, so they should be approached with caution. Brooks Snakes are an important species in the western United States, helping to control rodent populations and providing nutrients for other wildlife. Therefore, they should be protected and conserved wherever possible.

Do Brooks King Snakes Bite?

Brooks King Snakes will bite defensively if they feel threatened or are handled roughly. It is important to handle Brooks King Snakes with care and respect, as their bites can be painful. They do not possess any venom, so the bite itself is harmless but can still cause puncture wounds.

Health Problems

Like all pet snakes, Brooks King Snakes are susceptible to certain health problems. Some common health issues that may affect Brooks Snakes include:

  1. Respiratory infections: These infections, which can be caused by a variety of factors, such as poor husbandry practices or exposure to cold temperatures, can cause symptoms such as nasal discharge, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.
  2. Mouth infections: Mouth infections, or stomatitis, can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor husbandry practices or trauma to the mouth. Symptoms may include swelling, discharge, and difficulty eating.
  3. Malnutrition: Brooks King Snakes may become malnourished if they are not provided with an appropriate diet or if they are unable to digest their food properly. Symptoms may include weight loss, lethargy, and changes in appetite.
  4. External parasites: External parasites, such as ticks or mites, can infest the skin of Brooks King Snakes and cause irritation and other health problems.

It is important to regularly monitor your snake’s health and to seek veterinary care if you notice any changes or if you have concerns about your snake’s well-being. Regular check-ups and preventive care can help prevent many health problems from occurring or worsening.


The Brooks King Snake is a fascinating species of non-venomous snake that can be found in the western United States and Mexico. They have beautiful patterns of black, brown, yellow, and white bands along their bodies and they feed on lizards, rodents, and birds. Brooks King Snakes are primarily terrestrial, but they also inhabit oases with cactus plants and palms. Mating season usually begins in April and runs through June, and the female will lay 6-12 eggs which will hatch within 2 weeks. Brooks King Snakes can bite defensively if they feel threatened or are handled roughly, but their bites are harmless as they lack venom.

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