11 Snakes That Eat Birds & Their Eggs

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Snakes that eat birds are very good tree climbers. Snakes eat birds, but it is difficult for some snakes to catch a bird as they fly away. Regardless, snakes are additionally frightened of birds like eagles, hawks, and owls, considering that they are hunters of snakes. In this article, we will discuss snakes that eat birds.

Do Snakes Eat Birds?

All snakes are carnivores; they track other undersized animals, including birds, mice, rabbits, rats, and different snakes. Some snakes confront directly, and some hold on for their target to pass so that they can assault them. Snakes may hunt down and eat various diets, such as tiny mammals like birds, their eggs, lizards, rodents, frogs, and squirrels. Snakes have teeth, but their teeth are used to grab the food instead of helping them chew their prey Snakes eat their prey whole without chewing them.

How Do Snakes Eat Birds?

Snakes are predator species with an extensive scope of target items, including birds. When a snake encounters a bird, it typically uses stealth, speed, and ambush tactics to catch and consume its prey. Reliant on the bird size and the species of Snake, the procedure of catching and utilization can vary.

Smaller snakes may bite and swallow a bird whole, while larger snakes may constrict their prey to subdue it before eating it whole. Some snake species, such as the mangrove snake, have even climbed trees to catch birds in their nests. As for the birds that eat, snakes typically use their sharp talons and beaks to capture and kill their prey.

Raptors, such as eagles and hawks, swoop down on snakes and use their paws to grab and hold onto them while delivering a fatal bite. Ground-dwelling birds such as roadrunners and secretary birds use their powerful legs to stomp on and kill snakes. The relationship between snakes and birds varies depending on the species involved. While some birds may fall prey to snakes, others have evolved specialized techniques for capturing and killing these often-dangerous reptiles.

8 Snakes That Eat Birds

  1. Pit Vipers
  2.    Corn Snakes
  3.    Ring Snakes
  4.    Black Rat Snakes
  5.    Bull Snakes
  6.    Copperheads
  7.    Twig Snakes
  8.    Brown Tree Snakes
  9.    Coachwhip snake
  10.    Scarlet kingsnake
  11.    Golden Lancehead

1- Pit Vipers

Pit vipers and snakes are fascinating creatures with a rich history and origin. These contagious snakes are a part of the family Viperidae, which possesses more than 200 species globally. The pit vipers’ history can be traced back to the delinquent Cenomanian age, approximately 70 million years ago. They are supposed to have emerged in Asia and then distributed to South and North America. These snakes have adjusted well to their ecosystem and have become a notable part of many environments.

The appearance of pit vipers is striking and unique. These snakes have a triangular-shaped head, stout body, and a distinctive pit between their nostril and eye. The hole is used for thermal sensing, enabling them to detect the heat of their prey even in complete darkness. Pit vipers come in multiple stunning colors, varying from brown, grey, and green to bright red and yellow. Their scales are often patterned with stripes, blotches, or speckles, providing excellent camouflage in their natural habitat.

Pit vipers have a varied diet that includes small mammals, birds, and reptiles. They are exploitive poachers and have an extraordinary capability to detect prey in their ecosystems. These snakes have highly developed venom glands, producing potent venom for immobilizing prey. Pit vipers can strike with remarkable accuracy and deliver a lethal bite, making them formidable predators.

The Pit vipers can usually live in various habitats comprising forests, deserts, and grasslands. They opt for living in areas with many cover spots, such as large rocks, under logs, and leaf litter, providing protection and cover. These snakes are most of the time active at dusk and dawn when their preys are also active and roaming outside.

2- Corn Snakes

Corn snakes are among the most in-demand pet snakes and have a captivating history and origin. The Corn snakes are aboriginal to North America and were first tamed in the 1950s. The name “corn snake” appears because these snakes frequently lived in grain fields, where they would chase mice and other tiny rodents. Today, corn snakes are widely bred and kept as pets due to their docile nature, easy care, and striking appearance.

Corn snakes are beautiful snakes with distinctive appearances. Their skinny, tubular body can grow up to 5 feet long. Their scales are sleek and lustrous and appear in various colors, containing red, orange, yellow, and brown. One of the most impressive traits of corn snakes is their distinct pattern of spots and stripes, which can differ greatly from one distinct to another.

Corn snakes are mainly predatory and nourish on small rodents, including mice, rats, and voles. They also eat lizards, Insects, birds, and amphibians in the wild. As pets, corn snakes are normally fed pre-slaughtered mice or rats, and their diet should be augmented with vitamin and mineral enrichers to assure they acquire all the nutrients they need.

They are primarily ground-lodging snakes but also outstanding climbers and can often be seen in trees and bushes. These snakes are seen crawling at night and during the early morning hours, and they devour much of their time taking shelter in rifts and under rocks during the day’s heat.

3- Ring Snake

Ring snakes are fascinating non-venomous snakes found throughout Europe and Asia. These snakes have a prosperous past and heritage, with mossbacks of ring snakes dating to the Miocene epoch, around 20 million years ago. The ring snake’s name comes from the distinctive rings that can be seen around its body.

Ring snakes have a Notable appearance that makes them easy to recognize. They have slender, elongated bodies that grow up to 3 feet long. Their scales are smooth and glossy, typically brown or grey, with black or brown rings running around their body. Ring snakes have yellow and orange collars around their neck, making them easily recognizable.

Ring snake diet usually comprises mice, rats, birds, fish and amphibians, which they catch near the water’s edge. Ring snakes are opportunistic feeders and will eat whatever prey is available in their habitat.

The Ring snakes are seen in various enclosures, including forests, shrubs, grasslands, wetlands, rock sides, and hilly areas. They prefer habitats with plenty of covers, such as rocks, logs, and leaf litter, which provide shelter and camouflage. Ring snakes are known for their marvelous climbing skills. They are usually seen climbing on high trees and shrubs.

4- Black Rat Snake

Black Rat Snakes are non-venomous snakes in North America’s eastern regions. These snakes have a fascinating history, with traces of black rat snakes dating back to the Pliocene epoch encircling 5 million years ago. They are also known by other names such as the pilot black snake, eastern black Snake, and Allegheny black snake.

Black Rat Snakes have a striking appearance that makes them easy to identify. They are mostly black or dark brown, with Pale spots along their back. These tiny spots can be brown, yellow, or white and are Surrounded by black lines. The Black Rat Snakes can produce up to 8 feet in length, making them one of North America’s most oversized snake species.

Black Rat Snakes are predatory and graze on diverse prey, including rodents, birds, and little mammals. They are excellent climbers and will often climb trees to catch their game. Black Rat Snakes are also known to eat eggs, including those of birds and reptiles.

Black Rat Snakes prefer habitats with plenty of cover, such as rocks, logs, and leaf litter, which provide shelter and camouflage. Black Rat Snakes are also found near human habitation, including farmland and suburban areas. They are adaptable creatures in various habitats, from sea level to mountains.

5- Bullsnakes

Bullsnakes, or gopher snakes, are nonvenomous little species aboriginal to North America. Bullsnakes are big snakes that can produce up to six feet long. Their head is long and narrowly pointed, and their eyes are enormous and spheroidal, providing them flawless vision. Bullsnakes are known for their firm bodies and exceptional muscles, allowing them to overcome their prey.

Bullsnakes mainly forage on targets, including miniature mammals, birds, and reptiles. They are excellent hunters and will often lie in wait for their game before striking with lightning speed. Bullsnakes are comprehended for their ability to imitate a rattlesnake’s sound, which can scare off potential predators.

Bullsnakes are found in various habitats, from arid deserts to grasslands and prairies. Bullsnakes are found near human habitation, including farmland and suburban areas. They are adaptable creatures in various habitats, from sea level to mountains.

6- Copperhead Snake

The copperhead snake is a venomous species that is native to North America. Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus made the first recorded scientific description of the copperhead snake in 1766. They are seen in many habitats, including woodlands, wetlands, and stony areas, and are comprehended for their unusual appearance and powerful venom.

Copperhead snakes are easily recognizable due to their striking coloration. Their light tan or copper-colored head contrasts sharply with their dark, banded body. Copperhead snakes are also understood for their triangular-shaped head and upright pupils, which help to recognize them from other species of snakes. They can cultivate up to three feet long and have a thick, firm build.

Copperhead snakes are carnivores and pasture on target, including little mammals, birds, and reptiles. Copperhead snakes use their venom to immobilize their prey before consuming it. They are ambush predators and often lie in wait for their game to come within striking distance.

They prefer habitats with plenty of cover, such as fallen logs and leaf litter, which provide protection and camouflage. Copperhead snakes are also known to live in suburban areas and can be found near homes and gardens. They are most engaged during the more courteous months and will hibernate during the winter in chillier regions.

7- Twig Snake

The twig snake, also known as the vine snake, is a slender and agile Snake found throughout Asia and Africa. These snakes have a unique history and origin. Their extended, slender bodies and green coloration permit them to integrate seamlessly into their natural surroundings, making them hard to catch by predators and prey alike.

They have large, round eyes adapted for spotting prey from a distance, and their bodies are covered in smooth and glossy scales. Twig snakes can increase to 2 meters in length and are comprehended for their lightning-fast motions, making them hard to catch and observe.

Twig snakes are carnivores and feed primarily on insects, lizards, and other small prey. They use their quick movements and excellent eyesight to locate and capture their game, and they are known for their ability to swallow prey whole without the need for chewing. Twig snakes also feed on bird eggs and climb trees and shrubs for their next meal.

Twig snakes are seen in different habitats, including woodlands, gardens, and wetlands. They are comprehended for their ability to climb trees and shrubs efficiently and are frequently seen in areas with abundant vegetation and cover. Twig snakes are also common in suburban areas and can be found in gardens and other green spaces. They are most engaged during the daylight and frequently flounder in the sun to restrain their body temperature.

8- Brown Tree Snake

The brown tree snake is a highly adaptable and invasive species with a complex history and origin. Originally native to Australia, Papua New Guinea, and nearby islands, the brown tree snake was accidentally introduced to Guam in the 1940s, likely as a stowaway on military ships. Since then, they have evolved into a significant ecological hazard, causing general damage to Guam’s native wilderness and disrupting the island’s ecosystem.

Brown tree snakes have slim, cylindrical bodies that can cultivate up to 10 feet long. They have enormous eyes and nostrils, and their scales are reddish-brown with black or dark brown smears. They are well adapted to climbing and can often be found in trees and other elevated areas. Brown tree snakes are comprehended for their capability to camouflage themselves among the vegetation, making them challenging to spot.

As opportunistic predators, brown tree snakes have an assorted diet, including small mammals, birds, reptiles, and invertebrates. They are known for their ability to climb trees and raid bird nests, significantly impacting Guam’s bird populations. Brown tree snakes are also known to eat eggs and young of many species, further contributing to their negative impact on Guam’s ecosystem.

Brown tree snakes are admiringly adjustable and flourish in diverse habitats, including woodlands, grasslands, and suburban sites. They are most commonly found in trees but can also be found on the ground, in buildings, and even in cargo shipments. Guam’s lack of natural predators has allowed the brown tree snake to thrive and become a significant threat to the island’s native wildlife.

9- Coachwhip Snake

The coachwhip snake, or the eastern whip snake, is a non-venomous colubrid snake found throughout much of the United States. The coachwhip snake is known for its speed and agility, making it a formidable predator in its native habitats.

The coachwhip snake has a slender, elongated body that can grow up to 6 feet long. Its body is usually black or brown, with a lighter-colored underbelly. The species is comprehended for its extended, narrow tail that compares to a whip, which it uses to terrorize predators and protect itself. Coachwhip snakes have large, oval-shaped eyes positioned high on their heads, allowing them to see prey from a distance.

As an opportunistic predator, the coachwhip snake has a varied diet, including small mammals, lizards, birds, and insects. They are comprehended for their fast motions and capability to capture prey while moving. Coachwhip snakes are also known to consume eggs and young of many species, further contributing to their role in the ecosystem.

Coachwhip snakes are typically found in dry, open habitats such as grasslands, deserts, and scrublands. They can adjust to a combination of habitats and usually be found near human settlements. Despite their impressive speed and agility, coachwhip snakes are not aggressive toward humans and are generally shy and secretive.

10- Scarlet kingsnake

The Scarlet King Snake is a non-venomous species of Snake that is native to the southeastern region of the United States. Its scientific name is Lampropeltis ellipsoids, a member of the Lampropeltis genus. The Scarlet King Snake has a rich history and a fascinating origin, as it was first described by the famous naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1766. It was initially acknowledged as a subspecies of the Coral Snake due to its exceptional red, yellow, and black coloration, miming the venomous Coral Snake. Nevertheless, it was subsequently confined to be a distinct species with unique attributes.

The Scarlet King Snake is a beautiful and distinctive reptile easily recognizable by its bright and bold colors. Its slender and elongated body has smooth scales that give it a sleek and glossy appearance. Its base color is white or cream, with bold and alternating bands of red, black, and yellow running the length of its body. The Scarlet King Snake’s coloration is a classic example of Batesian mimicry, where harmless species evolve to resemble dangerous or toxic ones to deter predators.

The Scarlet King Snake is a carnivorous predator that primarily feeds on other snakes, lizards, and small rodents. It is a skilled hunter, using its keen sense of smell and sight to track down prey. Like other members of the Lampropeltis genus, the Scarlet King Snake is known to be a constrictor, which squeezes its game tightly to suffocate it before swallowing it whole. Its diet and hunting habits make it an important part of the ecosystem, helping to control the populations of smaller animals in its habitat.

The Scarlet King Snake is found in various habitats throughout the southeastern United States, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. It prefers to live in areas with plenty of cover and shelter, such as fallen logs, rock piles, and brushy areas. Its range extends from southern Virginia to the Florida Keys and west to Louisiana and eastern Texas. Despite its widespread distribution, the Scarlet King Snake is a threatened species in some areas due to habitat loss and fragmentation caused by human development.

11- Golden Lancehead

The Golden Lancehead Snake, scientifically known as Bothrops insularis, is a venomous species of pit viper native to the island of Ilha da Queimada Grande off the coast of Brazil. The species is acknowledged to have developed on the island, sequestered from the mainland for millions of years, resulting in a distinctive and separate congenital lineage. The Golden Lancehead Snake was first described by scientists in 1920, and since then, it has become known for its potent venom and rarity.

The Golden Lancehead Snake is a strikingly beautiful and unique snake with a golden-yellow coloration that blends in perfectly with the rocky terrain of its island habitat. It has a triangular-shaped head and a stout body, with a length ranging from 70 to 110 centimeters. The Snake’s poison is one of the most powerful venomous snakes, which can induce instantaneous tissue injury and even death in humans if left untreated. Due to its oddity and significance on the black market, the Golden Lancehead Snake is regarded as one of the most endangered Snake species on earth.

The Golden Lancehead Snake is a carnivore, feeding primarily on small rodents, lizards, and other small animals. Its venom quickly immobilizes and kills its prey, which it then swallows whole. The Golden Lancehead Snake is also known to be cannibalistic, with larger individuals preying on smaller ones.

The Golden Lancehead Snake is found only on the island of Ilha da Queimada Grande, located off the coast of Brazil. The island is known for its rocky terrain and dense vegetation, which provides plenty of cover and shelter for the Snake. The Golden Lancehead Snake is also found in forested areas along the island’s rocky coastline. Due to its isolation and unique habitat, the Golden Lancehead Snake is critically endangered, with estimates putting the total population at less than 5,000 individuals.

Which Birds Eat Snakes?

While many birds feed on insects, seeds, and small mammals, some species have a taste for snakes. The species that eat snakes include raptors such as eagles, hawks, and owls, ground-dwelling birds such as roadrunners, secretary birds, and some heron species. Birds that eat snakes are typically carnivorous and have sharp talons and beaks that allow them to kill and eat these reptiles.

Snakes can be a dangerous prey item for birds due to their size and evil nature, but many bird species have evolved specialized techniques for capturing and subduing them. For example, the secretary bird uses its powerful legs to stomp on snakes, while some eagles and hawks use their paws to grab and hold onto snakes while they deliver a fatal bite. Despite the risks, birds that eat snakes play an important role in their ecosystem, helping to control the populations of these often-dangerous reptiles.

Birds That Eat Snakes:

  • Brown Snake Eagle
  • Road Runner
  • Red-Tailed Hawk
  • Burrowing Owl
  • Great Horned Owl


Do All Snakes Eat Birds?

Yes, all almost all snakes eat birds. However, some snakes shift to other food because they don’t get all the nutrition they need from only birds.

Can Snakes Easily Climb Trees To Eat Birds?

No, not all snakes are tree climbers, those who can climb trees can easily eat birds, but those snakes that are not tree climbers hunt for ground birds.

Which Birds Fight With Snakes?

Brown Snake Eagles, Road Runner, Red-Tailed Hawks, Burrowing Owl, Great Horned Owl, Anhinga, Kookaburra, Laughing Falcon, and Secretary birds are snake eaters, so they fight with snakes.


Almost all snakes eat birds, snakes that are good tree climbers eat tree birds, and snakes that are not tree climbers hunt for ground birds. Snakes eat birds regularly until they become adults; they then shift to other foods that provide them the nutrition their bodies need. Most of the time, snakes can eat only the bird’s chicks because the adult birds fly away. However, some birds eat snakes and fight them to eat them.

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