All You Need To Know About Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

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The Thai Bamboo Rat Snake (Coelognathus radiatus) is a species of non-venomous colubrid snake found in Southeast Asia. This species can reach up to 5 feet long, with an average length of around 3 to 4 feet. They are mainly found in grassy areas, fields, and forests. They prefer a humid environment and feed primarily on mice, lizards, small frogs, and occasionally eggs.

Thai Bamboo Rat Snake Conservation Status

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are not endangered, however, their population numbers are decreasing due to habitat destruction and illegal collection for the pet trade. In order to help conserve this species, it is important to protect their natural habitat and restrict collection for the pet trade.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes have four subspecies: Coelognathus radiatus, C. erythraeus, C.frenatus, and C. bimaculatus. Each species has a slightly different coloration and patterning.

What Makes A Thai Bamboo Rat Snake?

Bamboo Rat Snakes are characterized by their long, slender bodies and bright red tails. The head is slightly pointed with a yellowish or brownish coloration. Their belly scales are usually marked with dark bars and spots, which give them excellent camouflage in their natural habitat.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes have a distinct appearance that sets them apart from other snakes. They are typically olive-brown in color, with lighter shades of green and yellow along the sides. Their bright red tails make them easily recognizable.


Bamboo Rat Snakes can live for up to 12 years in the wild, and even longer with proper care in captivity.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are largely nocturnal, meaning they are most active at night. They spend their days hiding in burrows, waiting until dark to come out and hunt for food. They can also be found basking in the sun during the day if there is sufficient heat available.


Bamboo Rat Snakes can be skittish and defensive when threatened. They will usually coil up in a tight ball and hiss as a warning before striking out. With proper handling and regular socialization, they can become quite docile when handled.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes feed mainly on small rodents such as mice, lizards, and frogs. Occasionally they will also eat eggs. They are constrictors, meaning that they kill by squeezing their prey until it suffocates.


Bamboo Rat Snakes can be found in areas with dense vegetation and warm temperatures, such as grasslands, forests, and agricultural fields. They prefer to stay close to the ground, but can occasionally be spotted in trees and other elevated areas.

Health Issues

Thai Bamboo Rat Snake

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are generally quite hardy but can be susceptible to parasites and respiratory infections if their environment is not kept clean. Dehydration is another common health issue for them, so it’s important to provide a freshwater source at all times.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are known to hibernate during the winter months, usually from late October to late March. During this time, they will seek shelter in burrows or tree trunks and remain dormant until the temperatures start to rise once again.

Mating Season

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes mate during the summer months, typically from July to September. After a successful mating, female Bamboo Rat Snakes will lay their eggs in burrows or hidden areas and guard them until they hatch. The eggs usually take around 2 months to hatch.

Care Requirements

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes require a large enclosure, with branches and logs for climbing. Since they are diurnal, the enclosure should be well-lit during the day. A temperature gradient of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and 70 to 85 percent humidity must be maintained in order to keep them healthy. In captivity, they should be fed every 5 to 7 days with rodents appropriate for their size.

Are Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes Easy To Care for?

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are not particularly difficult to care for, however, they do require a specialized enclosure and diet. For these reasons, they may be better suited for more experienced snake enthusiasts.

Do Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes Bite?

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are very docile and rarely bite. If they feel threatened, they may hiss or try to escape. It is important to handle them carefully, as rough handling can cause them stress and injury.

Do Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes Like To Be Handled?

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes can become accustomed to handling, but should not be handled too frequently. Regular socialization and gentle handling will help them become more comfortable with human interaction. With patience and proper care, they can make excellent pets for snake enthusiasts of all levels.

Do Bamboo Rat Snakes Live On Trees?

Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are mainly terrestrial, meaning they live on the ground. However, they can occasionally be found in trees and other elevated areas. They may use tree branches to catch their prey, or as an escape route from predators.

Are Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes Poisonous?

No, Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are not poisonous. They kill their prey by constricting them, rather than with venom. They should not be handled if they appear agitated or injured, as they may bite in self-defense.


Thai Bamboo Rat Snakes are fascinating and beautiful reptiles that can make rewarding pets for experienced snake owners. With proper care and socialization, they can become docile and comfortable with human interaction. It is important to provide a suitable enclosure, appropriate temperature, and a diet rich in rodents to keep them healthy and happy.

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